Cholesterol is an integral part of the human body and animals. The substance is involved in many processes of life, it is contained in the cell membranes, promotes the development of sex hormones and the absorption of certain vitamins.
Often, high cholesterol is diagnosed in type 2 diabetes. After all, chronic hyperglycemia often develops against the background of failures in metabolic processes and the abuse of junk food.
In addition, in violation of carbohydrate metabolism upset the work of most organs and systems. It also increases the risk of disruptions in lipid metabolism, which leads to the accumulation of harmful cholesterol on the vascular walls.
The danger of hypercholesterolemia is that it contributes to the occurrence of myocardial infarction, stroke, loss of limbs and peripheral diseases of the nervous system. Therefore, every diabetic should know how to reduce the level of harmful cholesterol in the body through medical and popular methods. To understand this will help the program "Live Healthy" and its presenter Elena Malysheva.
What is cholesterol and why it rises
Cholesterol combines 2 words: "holi" (bile) and "sterol" (solid). Without this substance, the vital activity of the body is impossible - it is part of the membranes, takes part in the formation of bile, nerve endings.
In the human body, most of the cholesterol is produced in the liver. Therefore, Malysheva argues that even with low consumption of fatty animal food, the substance will always be secreted by the organs, since it is a vital component.
Malysheva on cholesterol says that it contains lipoproteins with different densities. If this figure is low, the substance is considered harmful because it can increase cholesterol and clog blood vessels. A high-density lipoprotein, on the contrary, removes cholesterol from the vascular walls.
For normal work in the body should be the correct ratio of LDL and HDL. Often, atherosclerosis and high cholesterol in the blood is observed in men.
In women, until the onset of menopause, HDL index is normal. Therefore, cardiovascular diseases begin to bother them after menopause.
As mentioned above, cholesterol is incorporated into the cell wall, keeping fatty acids in them and forming lipids. But when the membranes are damaged (smoking, stress, infections) an atherosclerotic plaque forms, narrowing the vascular lumen.
When a plaque ruptures, a thrombus can form that completely or partially obstructs the passage. So there is a myocardial infarction or stroke.
Causes of increased cholesterol:
- abuse of fatty foods of animal origin;
- liver disease;
- bad habits (tobacco smoking, alcoholism);
- sedentary lifestyle;
Risk factors include older age, genetic predisposition, male gender, and diabetes.
How to identify hypercholesterolemia and atherosclerosis
In the program “Live Healthy” about cholesterol, Elena Malysha says that it is possible to find out the concentration of cholesterol in the blood with the help of three leading tests. The first study allows to determine the concentration of total cholesterol in the blood. According to WHO standards, the rate of substance in the body is up to 5.2 mmol / l.
The second important analysis reveals the amount of triglycerides. These substances are energy rich substrate.
Triglycerides are called surrogate markers of atherosclerosis, because a high rate of these substances is observed in patients suffering from obesity. And overweight is the leading cause of atherosclerosis, diabetes, hypertension. In a healthy person who is not overweight, the fat content in the blood should not exceed 1.7 mmol / l.
The third way to help diagnose atherosclerosis is an analysis of the ratio of LDL to HDL in the blood. The rate of high-density lipoprotein (good cholesterol) varies by sex:
- for men - 0.72-1.63 mmol / l;
- for women - 0.86-2.28 mmol / l.
Permissible levels of harmful (LDL) cholesterol in the blood for women - 1.92-4.51 mmol / l, and for men - 2.02-4.79 mmol / l.
In addition, atherogenic index analysis can be prescribed for the diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia. If the figure is less than three, then the harmful fats are removed from the vessels themselves. When the index is more than three, the triglycerides, on the contrary, accumulate in the vessels, which leads to the development of atherosclerosis.
However, Elena Malyshe warns that the accuracy of cholesterol tests depends on proper preparation. Before the study can not eat, drink coffee or tea.
And two days before donating blood, doctors do not advise eating meat, even dietary varieties such as beef, rabbit or chicken.
Modern medicine is actively studying how food affects the level of cholesterol in the blood. Studies have shown that even without the use of medicines with the help of proper food, LDL can be reduced by 10–15%.
At the same time, healthy foods fight high cholesterol at all levels. They slow down the absorption of fatty alcohol in the intestine, reduce its production in the body and accelerate the process of its elimination.
The host of the TV program "Live Healthy" said that there are three best products that can quickly lower cholesterol. Broccoli comes first. This type of cabbage is rich in coarse fiber, which slows down the absorption of harmful cholesterol in the intestines by 10%.
Fiber is not absorbed and not digested by the digestive organs. It collects fatty substances, envelops and removes them naturally from the body. To normalize the level of HDL and LDL is recommended to eat about 400 grams of broccoli per day.
The second product, warning the development of hypercholesterolemia, are oyster mushrooms. In their composition there is a natural statin.
Lovastin contained in mushrooms, like drugs, reduces the production of cholesterol in the body. Also, the substance stops or inhibits the growth of atherosclerotic plaque. To normalize cholesterol metabolism, it is enough to eat 10 grams of oyster mushrooms.
The third product that lowers bad cholesterol is fresh, unsalted herring. Fish contains omega-3 fatty acids, which change the ratio of protein carriers, due to which the concentration of cholesterol in the blood decreases and it leaves the body.
To remove fatty alcohol per day, you should use 100 g of herring.
How to get rid of hypercholesterolemia
Treatment of atherosclerosis and high cholesterol implies the obligatory intake of statins. These are drugs that affect the metabolic processes in the liver. The best drugs from this group are Simvastatin and Simvastol.
Professor Yu.N. Belenkov, a cardiologist and doctor of science, invited to the program “To live healthy”, explains that a stable anti-cholesterol effect can be achieved only with regular use of statins. In addition, the academician focuses on the fact that drugs, be sure to drink in the evening. This is because the maximum production of cholesterol occurs at the end of the day.
Also, the professor says that when taking statins should follow an important rule. The doctor talks about the need to periodically test for cholesterol, which will allow the attending doctor to select the most effective dose of the drug.
As a supplement to taking statins, Yuri Nikitich suggests drinking Niacin. This medicine is based on nicotinic acid, normalizes lipid metabolism.
In one of the episodes of the TV show “Live Healthy”, Baby told about an effective remedy that can cure hypercholesterolemia. These are Norivent drops on a natural basis, providing a complex effect on the body.
Advantages of Norvent:
- prevents the occurrence of diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- normalizes blood lipids;
- stabilizes the water balance;
- dissolves fats and lipid deposits, which contributes to weight loss.
Another effective cholesterol remedy recommended by Elena Malysheva is Halidol. The preparation also contains natural ingredients that prevent the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, strengthen blood vessels, improves immunity.
Other ways to lower cholesterol are diet therapy and physical activity. In advanced cases, plasmapheresis is used. This is an effective procedure to purify the blood of low-density lipoproteins.
In the process of manipulation, blood is passed through the membrane, due to which the plasma is filtered and leaves the body clean. The duration of the procedure is 40 minutes, if necessary, it is carried out regularly.
As an adjuvant therapy, you can use traditional recipes. However, herbs reduce cholesterol indicator slightly. Moreover, some products and plants can affect the efficacy of drugs, so before using them you need to consult with your doctor.
In the video in this article, Dr. Malysheva, together with experts, will talk about cholesterol and how to correct lipid metabolism.